The Siamese Cat
To acquire a Siamese kitten in to your home will be both rewarding & therapeutic. No
other animal can provide such peaceful company, & no other pet is as fastidious in it's
habits or as easy to keep & care for.
A Brief History
Although there have been many theories about the origin of the Royal Sacred Siamese, it is now
quite certian that it was a well loved variety in the ancient Siamese city of Ayuda. Ayuda was
founded in 1350 and was Siam's capital until fire destroyed the city during the Burmese invasion
in 1767. In the National Library, the present day capital of Bangkok, there are manuscripts from
Ayuda that provide a record of native cats, dogs and birds of the time. These manuscripts, the
best known is The Cat Book Poems, depict beautiful pale coated seal point Siamese, descibing
them as having black tails, feet and ears with white hair and blue eyes which reflect a reddish
glow at night because it is part albino. The Siamese Cat's eyes are a brilliant sapphire blue.These
poems are between 100 and 200 years old, but reflect a literary culture much older, and contain
many illustrations from very old manuscripts.
It was largely the discovery of this one breed by the English well over a hundred years ago that
provided the impetus for the world of cats we know today. A striking, contrasting colour pattern
on an elegant frame, all made dramatic by dark blue eyes, captured the imagination of cat lovers
the world over. If imitation is the sincerest form of flattery, then the Siamese has the undisputed
claim to the title of most beloved feline breed. It has been the inspiration, if not the primary
genetic source, for many other breeds (Balinese, Colourpoint Shorthair, Javanese and Oriental),
has figured in the creation of the Himalayan Persian and Tonkineses, and has served in the
development and/or maintenance of the Burmese, Havana Brown and Ocicat. The Siamese is a
mainstay of the pedigreed cat world not only for its own distinct, intinsic beauty, but also as an
unsurpassed genetic wellspring to which many breeds owe their existence and, in some cases,
continued well-being. The Siamese cat is, in short,
a feline treasure.

When Siamese kittens of any colour are born they are blind and almost pure white. Their points
deepen in colour as the kitten matures, and the blue eyes open on about the 7th day remaining
blue. There are four points colours :

The Siamese Cat first appeared on the British show bench in 1871, at the First National Cat Show
held at the Crystal Palace, and was recognised only in seal point. Today it is one of the most
popular & easily recognisable breeds on the show bench worldwide.
Without question the Siamese has evolved in type from its earliest beginnings, but the evolution
has been consistent with the vision of generations of breeders all over the world whose cats echo
the graceful elegance suggested in the earliest breed standards. Simply put, a Siamese is a living,
breathing work of art that shuns a display shelf in favour of a lap! Long head, long body, long tail,
long neck, long legs - everything about a Siamese is long with the exception of its short copat; a
state of affairs which accentuates the body lines and underscores the porcelain-like quality of its
visual image. A tubular body, large ears, and fine bones contribute to this exquisite refinement of
type. The long wedge-shaped head graced by large ears that complete that triangle, straight
profile, and lovely almond-shaped eyes contibute to a unique expression of feline beauty. When
colour contrast is excellent and correct, body colour even and clear, and the eyes a gorgeous deep
blue, the resulting Siamese belongs in that "takes your breath away" category of all rivetting great
An indication of successful, lengthy domestication of any animal can be found in a high level of
communication with and affection for human beings. This is especially true of felines, a naturally
independent species. No breed surpasses the Siamese in its ability to communicate and its love for
human beings. Whether it is vocalising or by body language, the Siamese is determined to
communicate. The degree to which they are talkative depends a great deal on the amount of
conversation that is directed their way. In addition, they tend to be vocal in direct proportion to
the desired end, always demanding the last word!
Siamese do not tolerate isolation (or being ignored) well; they want to be a part of their owner's
lives, as they hold firmly to the belief that they are man's best friend.They play fetch exceedingly
well, and have the distinct virtue of returning the thrown object to your lap instead of your feet!
They are in one's lap, on one's newspaper, in one's bed, and completely in one's heart. There is no
better companion cat than "The Royal Cat of Siam".
A famous author once said, "A rose is a rose is a rose."  It is no stretch of the truth to paraphrase
Gertrude Stein by affirming:
" A Siamese is a Siamese is a Siamese."
What makes a Cat Siamese ?
"The Siamese is an Asiatic Shorthaired cat in which colour is restricted to the points, i.e. nose,
ears, legs and tail, known as the Himalayan pattern or acromelanism. While colour mutations are
present in other breeds, The Siamese is the only member of the Felidae family which naturally
combines them in a delicate balance resulting in this striking contrast of coat pattern and colour.
The pattern, if not the personality, also occurs in mice, rabbits, hamsters and cavies. The
Himalayan pattern has been acquired by Colourpoint Persians, Si-Rex, British Shorthairs, Ragdolls
and Birmans, the last two exhibiting the white spotting gene which is an anathema to the Siamese
breeder. However, it is doubtful if any of these have the idiosyncracies that make the Siamese cat
so fascinating.
It can be argued that the Himalayan pattern alone makes a Siamese. However, when this unique
pattern is seen on a wicked, wedge-shaped face topped with 'bat' ears, set with brillliant sapphire
almond-shaped eyes, combined with long graceful body and legs, an expressive whip-like tail, a
voice that could shatter glass, insatiable curiosity, determination, capriciousness, remarkable
intelligence, unswerving devotion, and a wonderful sense of fun - now
that's what makes a
stunning cat and a captivating companion."
Excerpt taken from article by Diana Arnold (FCCV)